Party differences are inevitable in all politics. Divergent
interests as well as differences in character, intellectual
perception, and in temperament have made it impossible
in all countries and in all ages for any large representative
assembly to be without parties holding conflicting views
on almost all vital questions.
But when men bring into political life the bitterness
of religious sectarianism, or the spirit which ordained
the untouchable and unapproachable castes – well, they
commit political suicide; that is all.
Again, a deep-rooted respect for the laws of the realm
will be incumbent on all the members of a representative
assembly, if at all there is to be any stability and continuity
in its activities. But no congress or Parliament is worth
its name, if its members or any part of them should be
actuated by the constant fear of some extraneous agency
and should make it their chief concern to be thinking
as to how every single item of their proceedings might
be received by that agency.
All servility, whether of an inherited or acquired character,
must be definitely abandoned by men who aspire to guide
the affairs of a nation. Of course it is essential that
a representative assembly should live at peace with the
powers that be. But it must be “peace with honour”. And
the authorities must equally be made to see that it is
their interest to live at peace with the assembly+. Every
citizen must be presumed to respect the laws of the state
till the contrary is proved. Otherwise the assembly will
be something like a harem, full of mutual jealousies and
recriminations. It must also borne in mind that the chief
duty of a National Congress must be to uphold the Nation
idea and to try to realize it in every detail of the National
May our Congress be guided by these principles!